Written by Ahmad Fathan Aniq
On 24 March 2007, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) issued resolution 1747 to extend sanctions on Iran after considering that Iran would not stop enriching uranium. There are many controversial opinions throughout societies about resolution 1747. Some of them support the decision of the UNSC, whereas some of them refuse it.
Fifteen members of the UNSC, including Indonesia, agree with the resolution against Iran’s nuclear programme. The resolution was issued by the UNSC because they considered that Iran did not obey resolution 1737 which was issued on 23 December 2006. The former resolution stated that Iran had to report at the end of January 2007 that their nuclear programme was peaceful. Furthermore they had to acquiesce to be monitored by the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the world’s nuclear watchdog body. They said that Iran’s nuclear programme will be harmful for the safety of the world.
Although many people agree with the UNSC resolution, I prefer to disagree with it for various reasons. Iran’s nuclear enrichment programme, as president Ahmadinejad said, is for peaceful purposes. To show their peaceful initiative, Iranian governments signed the Nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968. Since this time, Iran has become one of the NPT members. Furthermore, the NPT acknowledged three pillars in the treaty (Wikipedia: NPT). Firstly, only five countries, namely France, China, Russia, the UK and the USA are permitted to have nuclear weapons, and their nuclear technology cannot be transferred to other countries. Secondly, the treaty calls on those countries to reduce their supply of nuclear weapons under international control. Thirdly, its signatories, meanwhile, have the right to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes. Perhaps, by the third argument, Iran initiated the development of their nuclear technology to supply their electrical requirements.
The UNSC, or in this case the United States of America is applying a double standard policy in Middle East countries. On the one hand, they support Israel in developing their nuclear power, even for weapons. But, on the other hand, the USA prohibits other countries like Egypt and Iran from enriching their uranium as nuclear energy.
For me, the resolution is the starting point for the USA to apply pressure on Iran to change the recent regime in Iran. The USA sees that the regime in Iran is not cooperative. Thus, they want to change the recent regime into a new regime which is a cooperative one in order to make their control of Middle East countries easily.
For these reasons, I disagree with UNSC resolution 1747. Simultaneously, I hope there will be a solution to this problem. It is better if all countries make a negotiation, concerning the issue of nuclear weapons. The negotiation should be followed not only by UNSC members but also by all countries in the world. Nuclear power as weapons should be prohibited by all countries in order to create peaceful life in the world.
Leiden, 21 April 2007